About the C.D. Howe Institute

The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

Get the App

Grading the Fiscal Accountability of Canadaʼs Senior Governments


-A A +A

How accessible is your province’s budget? How well does it line up with audited financial statements? In this edition of Graphic Intelligence, we look at how the provinces stack up, and which ones have been overspending the most. In addition to a grade, our Pinocchio Index measures each regionʼs budget overruns since 2000. Hover over an entry for details.

To read more about our fiscal accountability grading of Canada’s senior governments, read “Controlling the Public Purse: The Fiscal Accountability of Canada’s Senior Governments, 2016,” by the Institute's Colin Busby and William B.P. Robson.

Oops! If you can see this message, it may be because the chart is not displaying correctly. Try upgrading your browser or enabling Javascript.

C.D. Howe Institute | Source: Busby and Robson (2016); various Provincial and Federal Budgets and Public Accounts

© 2019 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.
© 2019 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.