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January 1, 1996

Canada’s government-run income pension system, made up of the Canada and Quebec Pension Plans (CPP/QPP), is run on a pay as you go basis. With only minimal prefunding in the CPP account, the CPP is a Ponzi scheme in which the benefits of each cohort of participants are paid from subsequent cohorts’ contributions. Pay-as-you-go plans have serious economic and political flaws. This study makes three recommendations on how policymakers can meet these challenges.