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The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

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Measuring Student Outcomes: The Case for Identifying Indigenous Students in Canada’s PISA Sample
February 13, 2018 - John Richards and Parisa Mahboubi

Collection of data on academic outcomes among Indigenous students is a necessary step towards bridging the education gap between Indigenous and non-indigenous students, according to a new report...

Students in Jeopardy: An Agenda for Improving Results in Band-Operated Schools
January 28, 2016 - Barry Anderson and John Richards

Major reforms are needed to address Canada’s failing reserve schools, according to a new C.D. Howe Institute report. In “Students in Jeopardy: An Agenda for Improving Results in Band-Operated...

From “Social Licence” to “Social Partnership”: Promoting Shared Interests for Resource and Infrastructure Development
December 1, 2015 - Geoffrey Hale and Yale Belanger

With the new federal government committed to reviewing the approval process for major resource projects, a key focus should be on encouraging stronger social partnerships between stakeholders,...

The Effect of First Nations Modern Treaties on Local Income
October 28, 2015 - Fernando M. Aragón

Modern treaties have boosted incomes in First Nation communities and have led to more resource development, according to a new C.D. Howe Institute Report. In “The Effect of First Nations Modern...

First Nations Own-Source Revenue: How Is the Money Spent?
October 14, 2015 - John Richards and Mark Krass

Revenues from First Nations business activities have grown substantially over the last generation. In Ontario, they now comprise nearly one third of First Nation government funds. Where does the...

Are We Making Progress? New Evidence on Aboriginal Education Outcomes in Provincial and Reserve Schools
April 30, 2014 - John Richards

Urgent action by the federal government is required to address the persistently low high-school completion rates among young First nation adults living on-reserve, according to a new C.D. Howe...

Richards, Mahboubi - Shocking Gaps in Educational Attainment
Intelligence Memos
From: John Richards and Parisa Mahboubi To: Provincial Ministers of Education Date: July 30, 2018 Re: Shocking Gaps in Educational Attainment Collection of data on academic outcomes among Indigenous...
Census 2016: Where is the discussion about Indigenous education? - Globe and Mail Op-Ed
Op-Ed
Recently, Statistics Canada released the final batch of results from the 2016 census. It included education statistics for Canadians – including Indigenous Canadians. Perhaps Indigenous education...
Conference Report - Improving Education for Indigenous Children in Canada
Other Research
The C.D. Howe Institute hosted a small group of thinkers drawn from Canada’s foremost leaders in First Nations education on April 15, 2016. The group gathered to discuss goals for students, the roles...

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