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The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

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Labour Standards and Relations


Thinking about Minimum Wage Increases in Alberta: Theoretically, Empirically, and Regionally
September 26, 2017 - Joseph Marchand

After weighing the lessons of economic theory and real-world experience, a leading Alberta economist, Joseph Marchand, concludes that Alberta’s move to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour by...

Precarious Positions: Policy Options to Mitigate Risks in Non-standard Employment
December 2, 2016 - Colin Busby and Ramya Muthukumaran

Canada should strengthen the safety net under workers in precarious jobs, according to a new report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Precarious Positions: Policy Options to Mitigate Risks in Non-...

Target Benefit Plans: Improving Access for Federally Regulated Employees
October 14, 2014 - Randy Bauslaugh

Despite having been available for decades, target benefit pension plans (TBPs) will continue to be resisted by federally regulated employers unless a legal flaw is fixed, according to a report...

Target-Benefit Plans in Canada - An Innovation Worth Exploring
July 8, 2014 - Angela Mazerolle, Jana Steele and Mel Bartlett

Canadian governments need to move beyond defined-benefit (DB) versus defined-contribution (DC) pension model debates, and towards a middle-ground option that incorporates attributes of both...

Temporary Foreign Workers in Canada: Are They Really Filling Labour Shortages?
April 24, 2014 - Dominique M. Gross

Changes to the Temporary Foreign Workers (TFW) program between 2002 and 2012, which made it easier to hire foreign workers, accelerated the rise in unemployment in Alberta and British Columbia,...

Diplomacy, Trade and Aid: Searching for "Synergies"
November 27, 2013 - John Richards

Canada’s foreign aid could be more effective, were strategies in place that addressed the problem of weak host-country governance, which currently renders aid inefficient or even counter-...

The ripple effect of Ontario’s minimum-wage increase - Globe and Mail Op-Ed
The economic impact of Ontario's minimum-wage hike on the province's lowest earners has received a great deal of attention, but the effect is felt more broadly by employers who face labour cost...
Wyonch and Busby - The Great Minimum Wage Debate: How to Balance Good Intentions and Evidence
Intelligence Memos
From: Rosalie Wyonch and Colin Busby To: The Ontario Minister of Labour, Kevin Flynn; and Concerned Ontarians Date: July 11, 2017 Re: The Great Minimum Wage Debate: How to Balance Good Intentions and...
Ben Dachis - Ontario’s Laws of Unintended Consequences
Intelligence Memos
From: Benjamin Dachis To: The Hon. Kevin Flynn, Ontario Minister of Labour Date: June 1st, 2017 Re: Ontario’s Laws of Unintended Consequences The Ontario government announced a sweeping overhaul of...

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© 2014 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.