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Take a Load Off: Tax Burdens in Canada's Major Cities - 2016 Edition


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The business tax burden applies to every new dollar of investment by business. Higher tax burdens discourage new investment or drive it elsewhere.


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C.D. Howe Institute | Source: Various Provincial and Municipal Budgets

In this edition of Graphic Intelligence, we show that business property taxes and land transfer taxes represent about two-thirds of the total tax burden on new investment in Canada’s major cities. We find that Saint John, Charlottetown, and Montreal have the highest total tax rates – i.e., combined federal, provincial and local rates; whereas Saskatoon and Calgary lead the pack with the most competitive overall business tax environments.

Comparing tax burdens over jurisdictions is important for businesses and the governments that seek to attract them. Canadian governments should include business property taxes when they measure the tax burden on business investment.

For more information on the business tax burden in your jurisdiction, and to find out how we grade various jurisdictions based on business property tax simplicity and transparency, read Business Tax Burdens in Canada’s Major Cities: The 2016 Report Card.

© 2019 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.
© 2019 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.