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Welcome to our website, which is operated by the C.D. Howe Institute, a registered Canadian charity. The Web site provides data and other information including, without limitation, articles, publications, videos, products, graphics, video, sound, images, icons, software, pictures and other materials ("Content") on Canadian public policy. The Site, the Content and the Services are provided to you subject to your agreement to be bound by these terms and conditions of use ("Terms and Conditions"). By accessing or using the site or the services, you agree to be bound by these terms and conditions. If you do not agree with one or more of these terms and conditions, do not access or use the site.

The term “C.D. Howe Institute’’ or “the Institute” or “us” or “we” refers to the owner of the website. The term “you” refers to the user or viewer of our website.

The use of this website is subject to the following terms of use:

By accessing this Web site or sending electronic mail to the Institute you are communicating with the C.D. Howe Institute electronically. By doing so, you agree to receive communications from the Institute electronically. The Institute will communicate with you by electronic mail at the electronic mail address provided by you. You consent to receiving electronically all notices, disclosures and other communications that the Institute provides to you.

The content of the pages of this website is for your general information and use only. It is subject to change without notice.

The information is provided by the C.D. Howe Institute and while we endeavour to keep the information up to date and correct, we make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, products, services, or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose.

In no event shall the Institute or its suppliers, or its or their respective directors, officers, employees or agents be liable, whether based on warranty, contract, tort, negligence, strict liability or any other legal theory whatsoever, for damages of any kind including, without limitations, direct, special, indirect, punitive, incidental or consequential damages, business losses, lost savings, lost data, loss of use, lost profits, personal injury, fines, fees, penalties or other liabilities arising from or relating to your use, reliance upon or inability to use the web site, the content and/or the services, whether or not the Institute or its suppliers are advised of the possibility of such damages and/or if you transfer confidential or sensitive information to the Institute, or if the Institute communicates such information to you at your request over the internet.

Certain names, words, titles, phrases, logos, designs, graphics, icons and marks displayed on the Web site, in the Content or with the Services may constitute official marks, trademarks or trade names of the Institute or its licensors. The Web site, the Content and the Services are protected under Canadian and international copyright laws and intellectual property laws and treaty provisions.

Title to the Web site, the Content and the Services and the official marks, trademarks or trade names displayed on the Web site are owned by and shall remain with the Institute and/or its suppliers. Nothing contained in these Terms and Conditions or on the Web site shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel or otherwise any license or right to use any official marks, trade-marks, trade-names, copyright or other intellectual property rights of the Institute or its suppliers. Any unauthorized use of the Web site, the Content or the Services or the official marks, trade-marks, trade names, copyright or other intellectual property rights of the Institute or its suppliers is strictly prohibited, and we reserve the right to take such steps as we deem necessary, including legal action, to enforce such rights.

From time to time this website may also include links to other websites. These links are provided for your convenience to provide further information. They do not signify that we endorse the website(s). We have no responsibility for the content of the linked website(s).

Every effort is made to keep the website up and running smoothly. However, the Institute takes no responsibility for, and will not be liable for, the website being temporarily unavailable due to technical issues beyond our control.

All matters relating to your access to or use of the Web site or the Content shall be governed by the laws of the Province of Ontario and the laws of Canada, notwithstanding conflict of laws principles. You agree and hereby submit to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the Province of Ontario with respect to all matters relating to your access to and use of the Web site.

Copyright Notice: This website and its content is copyright of the C.D. Howe Institute © 2022. All rights reserved.

Any redistribution or reproduction of part or all of the contents in any form is prohibited other than the following: Permission is granted to reprint or download the content of this website if the content is not altered and proper attribution is provided.

Unauthorized use of this website may give rise to a claim for damages and/or be a criminal offence.

You may not, except with our express written permission, distribute or commercially exploit the content. Nor may you transmit it or store it in any other website or other form of electronic retrieval system. To request such consent, please contact:

Duncan Munn
Senior Vice President and Chief Operating Officer
C.D. Howe Institute