About the C.D. Howe Institute

The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

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Urban Issues


Tapping the Land: Tax Increment Financing of Infrastructure
March 29, 2016 - Adam Found

Cities across Canada should consider new and innovative approaches to financing their share of infrastructure spending, according to a new C.D. Howe Institute report. In “Tapping the Land: Tax...

What Gets Measured Gets Managed: The Economic Burden of Business Property Taxes
October 16, 2013 - Adam Found, Benjamin Dachis and Peter Tomlinson

Business property taxes are a major part of the tax burden on new business investment that can tip the balance in the competition for capital among Canadian cities and provinces, according to a...

Stuck in Place: The Effect of Land Transfer Taxes on Housing Transactions
October 11, 2012 - Benjamin Dachis

Toronto’s Land Transfer Tax (LTT) has had a significant impact on home sales and household mobility in the city over the longer term, according to a report released today by the C.D. Howe...

August 31, 2011 - Benjamin Dachis

The best solution for congested highways around Canada’s major cities is the creation of high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes, according to a study from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Congestive Traffic...

May 12, 2011 - Elizabeth Brubaker

Too many drinking water and wastewater systems across Canada threaten public health and the environment, according to a report released today by the C.D. Howe Institute. In A Bridge Over...

February 10, 2011 - James Bruce and Nicholas-James Clavet

Better oversight of Canada’s groundwater resources is required in the face of numerous challenges, according to a study released today by the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Protecting Groundwater: The...

Dachis and Tsao - Toronto’s Parking App Economy
Intelligence Memos
From: Benjamin Dachis and Jennifer Y. Tsao To: Toronto City Council Date: November 18th, 2016 Re: Toronto’s parking app economy It seems like there’s an app on your phone for everything these days. A...
Forced Co-operation Recipe for Bad Blood Among Alberta Municipalities: Edmonton Journal Op-Ed
Last May, the provincial government took steps to modernize Alberta’s Municipal Government Act. One of the major changes was a call for forced inter-municipal cooperation, where arbitration would...
Why tolling carpool lanes is the right move for Ontario: Globe and Mail Op-Ed
By Benjamin Dachis Love ’em or hate ’em, carpool lanes on Toronto highways look here to stay – having gained the endorsement of the Premier of Ontario. Tolling these carpool lanes is the way to go....

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© 2014 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.