About the C.D. Howe Institute

The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

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Urban Issues


Buildings with Benefits: The Defect of Density Bonusing
April 17, 2018 - Aaron Moore

Ontario should scrap arbitrary and opaque density bonusing deals between municipalities and developers, according to a new report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In Buildings with Benefits: The...

Tapping the Land: Tax Increment Financing of Infrastructure
March 29, 2016 - Adam Found

Cities across Canada should consider new and innovative approaches to financing their share of infrastructure spending, according to a new C.D. Howe Institute report. In “Tapping the Land: Tax...

What Gets Measured Gets Managed: The Economic Burden of Business Property Taxes
October 16, 2013 - Adam Found, Benjamin Dachis and Peter Tomlinson

Business property taxes are a major part of the tax burden on new business investment that can tip the balance in the competition for capital among Canadian cities and provinces, according to a...

Stuck in Place: The Effect of Land Transfer Taxes on Housing Transactions
October 11, 2012 - Benjamin Dachis

Toronto’s Land Transfer Tax (LTT) has had a significant impact on home sales and household mobility in the city over the longer term, according to a report released today by the C.D. Howe...

August 31, 2011 - Benjamin Dachis

The best solution for congested highways around Canada’s major cities is the creation of high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes, according to a study from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Congestive Traffic...

May 12, 2011 - Elizabeth Brubaker

Too many drinking water and wastewater systems across Canada threaten public health and the environment, according to a report released today by the C.D. Howe Institute. In A Bridge Over...

Aaron A. Moore - It’s Time for Transparency in Ontario’s Zoning Tradeoffs
Intelligence Memos
From: Aaron A. Moore To: Bill Mauro, Ontario Minister of Municipal Affairs and Peter Milczyn, Minister of Housing Date: April 26, 2018 Re: It’s Time for Transparency in Ontario’s Zoning Tradeoffs...
Why Ontario’s planning act needs major changes: Toronto Star Op-Ed
As of April 12, municipalities in Ontario will be able to implement inclusionary zoning, allowing them to require affordable housing units in residential developments. The province’s willingness to...
Dachis, Kim - How Contracting Waste Services Can Lower Costs and Improve Performance
Intelligence Memos
From: Benjamin Dachis and Jacob Kim To: Toronto City Council Date: April 9, 2018 Re: How Contracting Waste Services can Lower Costs and Improve Performance After an unsuccessful push in early 2017 to...

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© 2018 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.

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© 2018 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.