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The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

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Education Spending


Unfair Advantage? School Fundraising Capabilities and Student Results
January 10, 2017 - David Johnson, Huijie Guo, Master of Business Economics and Wilfrid Laurier University

There is little correlation between fundraising success at schools and student grades, finds a new report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Unfair Advantage? School Fundraising Capabilities and...

Students in Jeopardy: An Agenda for Improving Results in Band-Operated Schools
January 28, 2016 - Barry Anderson and John Richards

Major reforms are needed to address Canada’s failing reserve schools, according to a new C.D. Howe Institute report. In “Students in Jeopardy: An Agenda for Improving Results in Band-Operated...

First Nations Own-Source Revenue: How Is the Money Spent?
October 14, 2015 - John Richards and Mark Krass

Revenues from First Nations business activities have grown substantially over the last generation. In Ontario, they now comprise nearly one third of First Nation government funds. Where does the...

Underperforming Adults? The Paradox of Skills Development in Canada
September 16, 2015 - Andrew Parkin

Canada’s lacklustre performance on the OECD’s test of adult literacy, numeracy and problem solving has raised questions about the quality of provincial education systems, but the explanation for...

Are Middle Schools Good for  Student Academic Achievement? Evidence from Ontario
November 13, 2012 - David Johnson

In neighbourhoods with falling student populations, policymakers should place a priority on closing middle schools and avoid opening new ones elsewhere, according to a report released today by the...

David Johnson - On School Fundraising and Outcomes, Focus on What Really Matters
Intelligence Memos
From: David Johnson   To: Parents across Ontario Date: June 23, 2017 Re: On School Fundraising and Outcomes, Focus on What Really Matters     Congratulations, parents. You and your kids almost made...
No Schooling on Education Cuts or Tax Hikes: Winnipeg Free Press Op-Ed
Property owners in the Winnipeg School Division are being asked if they are willing to pay more taxes to save school programs. We have been told the nursery program may be on the chopping block if...
Does Extra School Fundraising Affect Student Results? Toronto Star Op-Ed
Does school fundraising worsen inequality in Toronto elementary schools in terms of academic outcomes? Many parents fear as much. Despite those fears, my research shows, there is no strong link...
Nous avons étudié la rémunération des enseignants au Canada. Ce que nous avons découvert vous surprendra.
Il n’existe aucune relation claire entre les résultats des évaluations des élèves à l’échelle provinciale et la rémunération relative des enseignants dans les six plus importantes provinces...

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